• English Language Arts Power Standards Pre-Kindergarten - Grade 5
     
    Pre-K:
     
    It is critical that students...
     
    ask and answer questions about a variety of literature.
     
    ask and answer questions about a variety of informational text.
     
    demonstrate an understanding of emerging print concepts.
     
    demonstrate phonological awareness.
     
    demonstrate emerging understanding of phonics and word recognition.
     
    use emergent writing skills to convey a message.
     
    actively listen and respond to participate in preschool activities.
     
    apply conventions of standard English and use newly acquired vocabulary to communicate messages.
     
    Kindergarten:
     
    It is critical that students...
     
    ask and answer key ideas and details of a piece of literature.
     
    ask and answer main idea and key details of an informational text.
     
    know and apply concepts of print.
     
    know and apply phonemic awareness skills.
     
    know and apply phonetic skills and word recognition.
     
    be matched to appropriate texts.
     
    draw, dictate, and write for a variety of purposes.
     
    strengthen and add details to pieces of writing.
     
    collaboratively research and recall information.
     
    participate in class discussions.
     
    present knowledge and ideas through presentation.
     
    apply conventions of standard English language and vocabulary to reading, writing, speaking, and listening.
     
    Grade 1:
     
    It is critical that students...
     
    demonstrate an understanding of literature by identifying and using key elements, retelling, and comparing and contrasting various forms of text.
     
    demonstrate an understanding of informational text by identifying and using key elements, retelling, and comparing and contrasting a range of text types.
     
    demonstrate an understanding of the concepts of print of a range of text types.
     
    demonstrate an understanding of phonological awareness skills to read appropriate grade level text types.
     
    demonstrate an understanding of phonics skills to read a range of appropriate grade level text types.
     
    know and use strategies to read fluently a variety of grade level text.
     
    write opinion, informative/explanatory, and narrative texts.
     
    participate in collaborative conversations.
     
    demonstrate a command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage.
     
    Grade 2:
     
    It is critical that students...
     
    read and comprehend literature and poetry and demonstrate an understanding of the text's characters, setting, and plot.
     
    read and comprehend informational text including history/social studies, science, and technical texts.
     
    know and apply grade level phonics and word analysis skills for reading with accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
     
    write opinion pieces, informative/explanatory texts, narratives, and poetry with clear topics and supporting details.
     
    participate in collaborative conversations that recount stories or personal experiences.
     
    demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage (capitalization, punctuation, and spelling) when writing, speaking, reading, and listening.
     
    determine the meaning of unknown and multiple meaning words and phrases and demonstrate understanding of word relationships.
     
    Grade 3:
     
    It is critical that students...
     
    demonstrate understanding of text and determine the main idea or theme, summarizing key supporting details.
     
    ask questions and support answers by connecting prior knowledge with information found in or inferred from text.
     
    read grade level text with accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
     
    know and apply phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
     
    write clear, coherent, and detailed compositions that develop a central idea including opinion pieces, informative/explanatory texts, narratives, as well as poetry, with consideration of task, purpose, and audience.
     
    develop and strengthen writing through the writing process:  research/plan, revise, edit, and publish.
     
    use language to communicate effectively and engage in interactive conversations.
     
    demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing and speaking.
     
    use new vocabulary in conversations and writing.
     
    Grade 4:
     
    It is critical that students...
     
    proficiently read and comprehend literature including stories, drama, and poetry.
     
    determine and describe character, setting, plot, significant events, and theme in a story or drama.
     
    integrate knowledge and explain similarities and differences between poems, drama, stories, and text in literature.
     
    read and comprehend informational texts.
     
    determine and explain events, procedures, ideas or concepts in an historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on scientific information in a text.
     
    interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines, animations or interactive elements on web pages) and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text in which it appears.
     
    read with sufficient fluency and accuracy to support comprehension.
     
    produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
     
    write, develop, and support opinion pieces on topics or texts.
     
    write, develop, and clearly explain a topic or idea to inform the reader.
     
    write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences.
     
    engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade four topics and texts, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly.
     
    report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace.
     
    use knowledge of language and demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing, speaking, and reading.
     
    demonstrate an understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
     
    determine, clarify, and acquire the meaning of unknown and multiple meaning words and phrases based on grade four reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
     
    Grade 5:
     
    It is critical that students...
     
    determine the theme of a story, drama, or poem.
     
    compare and contrast items within a story as well as stories in the same genre.
     
    determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text.
     
    determine how elements influence story.
     
    determine two or more main ideas in the text.
     
    compare and contrast two or more of the elements below: 
    * individuals
    * ideas
    * events
    * concepts
    * determine the meaning of relevant words and phrases
    * overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause and effect, problem and solution)
    * integrate information from several texts or digital sources on the same topic
    * point of view
     
    know and apply grade level phonics and word analysis skills and read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
     
    write for a variety of tasks, purposes, and audiences routinely over varying time frames.
     
    write opinion pieces and support point of view with reasons and information.
     
    write informative/explanatory text and examine topic and convey information clearly.
     
    write narratives and develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and sequences.
     
    conduct a short research project using several sources through investigation of different aspects of a topic.
     
    engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions and summarize written text and points of a speaker aloud.
     
    report on a topic, text, or opinion.
     
    demonstrate command of English grammar and conventions of capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when speaking and writing.
     
    determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple meaning words and phrases.
     
    use knowledge of language when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.