Homeless Children & Youth ( McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Act)
McKinney-Vento Homeless Education
The federal McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act requires that school districts immediately enroll homeless student in school, even if they do not have the documents usually required for enrollment, such as school records, medical records or proof of residency.
Homeless students have a right to either remain in their school of origin or to attend school where they are temporarily residing;
Students who choose to remain in their school of origin have the right to remain there until the end of the school year in which they get permanent housing;
Students who chose to enroll in school where they are temporarily residing must be enrolled immediately, even if they do not bring the records usually required for enrollment with them; and
If a homeless student arrives without records, the school district's designated Homeless Education Liaison must assist the family and contact the previously attended school system to obtain the required records.
For more information, please click a link to the left or contact the office directly at 781-659-8800.McKinney-Vento District Contact:Michele HendersonDistrict Social WorkerNorwell Public Schools322 Main StreetNorwell, MA 02061Phone: 781-659-8800Fax: 781-659-8805
Who qualifies as a "homeless student"?The Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education has adopted the following definition of homeless children and youth:individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence or have a primary nighttime residence in a supervised, publicly or privately, operated shelter for temporary accommodations (including welfare hotels, congregate shelters, and transitional housing for the mentally ill), an institution providing temporary residence for individuals intended to be institutionalized, or a public or private place not designated for, or ordinarily used as, a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings.This definition shall include:
In addition, according to McKinney-Vento, a fixed residence is one that is stationary, permanent, and not subject to change. A regular residence is one which is used on a regular (i.e., nightly) basis. An adequate residence is one that is sufficient for meeting both the physical and psychological needs typically met in home environments. Therefore, children and youth who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate residence will be considered homeless.
children and youth who are sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason; are living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate accommodations; are living in emergency or transitional shelters; are abandoned in hospitals; or are awaiting foster care placement;
children and youth who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings;
children and youth who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings;
migratory children (as such term is defined in section 1309 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965) who qualify as homeless because they are living in circumstances described above; and
unaccompanied youth a youth not in the physical custody of a parent or guardian.
Enroll and enrollment shall mean attending classes and participating fully in school activities.
School of origin shall mean the school the child or youth attended when permanently housed, or the school in which the child or youth was last enrolled.